শনিবার, ২০ মার্চ, ২০২১

The Scarlet Letter - Summary and Characters List - Nathaniel Hawthorne

 


The Scarlet Letter - Summary and Characters List - Nathaniel Hawthorne

First published in 1850

Scarlet Letter - The crimson letter

The main characters

1. Hester Prynne - The main character, with a scarlet letter on his chest

2. Arthur Dimmesdale - Puritan minister and pastor - born in Boston, Pearl

3. Pearl - illegitimate child of Hester and Dimmesdale

4. Roger Chillingworth - Hester's old husband

5. Governor Billingham - Former Governor of Boston

6. Mistress Hibbins - Billingham's sister

7. John Wilson - Boston's pastor

 

Summary:

Event: -

While the author was working as a surveyor at Salem's Custom House, he once found some papers in a red cloth with a red "A" letter on it. He was surprised to see that. Out of curiosity, he opened it and found out that It had written by the person who was in his position before. His name was Jonathan Pew. This man wrote those writings from the words of another old man whose name was Hester Prynne. This article was originally written by Hester Prynne. Then he changed that writing to this novel.

The story of this novel starts from a prison, where there was a penitentiary. There are curious people standing there, in fact everyone is interested in what is going to happen there. There they will actually be punished for the immoral relationship between Hester Prynne and Reverend Dimmesdale. A baby in Hester Prynne's lap. Whose name is Pearl. Boston city governors, pastors and other officials were present. She was imprisoned while Pearl was in her womb. When Pearl was born she was brought here on the stage of this crowd, different people started making different comments, some are good and some are bad.

And it was a matter of judging the immoral acts of Hester Prynne and Arthur Dimmesdale, but the funny thing is that the public and the clergy, the governor, no one knows with whom Hester Prynne had illegal affairs. Even after asking Hester Prynne many times, she did not tell anyone, who the person was.She was kept standing for three hours. Someone commented that the letter "A" hanging around her neck was not visible. The verdict was that she should keep this letter around her neck for life. And the funny thing is that the burden of this trial fell on the Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale. After a while she saw a man looking at her at a glance, she recognized him, she was her ex-husband Roger Chillingworth. He asked the crowd why she was made to stand on this stage, the crowd told him about Hester Prynne's sinful deeds. Hester wanted to tell him something. But Chillingworth gestured to her and silenced her. She was then taken to the jail.

When Chilllingworth left Hester Prynne in the past, she joined the Red Indians and learned about herbal medicine and its uses. Meanwhile, when Pearl falls ill in prison, Chillingworth is called for Pearl's treatment. Hester Prynne doesn't agree, because she thinks Chillingworth will kill her daughter. Then Chilllingworth reassures her that you have been punished for the sin you have committed but your child has not committed any crime, why are you trouble her. Then Hester Prynne agreed. Pearl recovered very quickly. Then when Hester Prynne was released from prison, she thought she would leave the city. After a while she thought to herself, her boyfriend Dimmesdale lives in this town, so she won’t leave this town. She lived in a hilly area near the city. One of her qualities was that she knew the needlework very well. She started working and her reputation spread around. Besides, she used to go ahead with various problems of the people next to her. She kept track of everyone's grief and helped people. She became famous among next to her. She had forgotten that a scandalous letter was hanging on her chest. Of course, this letter reminded her of her sin. She would not open it, because she thought she would be sinless as long as it was in her throat.

Once they went to Governor Billingham. Billingham gave her the job of making a glove. They went there with it. The governor had one more reason to call her, she was worried about one thing. Since Hester is a sinner, her daughter will grow up to be a sinner. So he thought, her daughter needs to be raised in a good house so that she can grow up as a saint. Chilllingworth also agreed. Then Hester Prynne said, she is my daughter, she will be with me, If he leaves, who will I be with?

Then they agreed to Hester's claim. Then they went to their cottage. When Pearl went to Billingham, John Wilson asked her from where she came, to which she replied very discreetly, "I was born to my mother, and my mother brought me up from a rose garden, and I blossomed in prison."

Dimmesdale, meanwhile, was getting a little sick, and his body was getting weaker. Chillingworth was then assigned to treat him. He then started his treatment by collecting various medicinal plants from the forest. But his devilish eyes were fixed on him, and he suspected Dimmesdale, perhaps he had done this immoral thing to his wife. So he will take revenge on him. Dimmesdale, meanwhile, didn't know Chilllingworth was hester’s ex-husband.

Chilllingworth, meanwhile, told Dimmesdale that if he had any grief in mind, it would be relieved.

One night Dimmesdale left the house. He went and appeared in front of the punishment stage. He then began to think about the bad things he had done seven years earlier. That's why a girl has been suffering for so many years. Thinking about it, he felt very bad. He cried out in distress. Then he thought again, if I let everyone know, things will get worse. No one woke up to his screams, but Billingham woke up to find someone in a white robe standing on the stage. Her sister Hibbins also saw it and thought there might be a witch standing there. Suddenly Dimmesdale saw Hester Prynne and Pearl going down that road. Asked where they went, she said former governor Winthrop was on his deathbed, and they went out to see him. Hester Prynne noticed that Dimmesdale had dried up. At this time they got to see Chilllingworth. Chillingworth told him that Dimmesdale was slowly weakening so I took responsibility for his treatment. The job is to heal him. A few days later, when Hester and Pearl were walking along the beach, they met Chillingworth. He was asked what was he started with Dimmesdale. She then tells him he wants to heal Dimmesdale. In fact Chilllingworth was not healing him, but was slowly killing him. So Hester tells him that it is better to kill him at once than to kill him slowly. He said yes, so.

So they planned to report the matter to Dimmesdale.

One day as they were walking down the street, Hester asked Pearl who had given her the letter. Then she said that a black old man had given it to him, he would give books to everyone, and he would hold a pen and ask them to write their names there. Then Pearl asked, "Did that black old man give you the red letter on your chest?" Hester replied yes.

Then they saw Dimmesdale was coming, Hester told Pearl to play by the fountain. When Pearl leaves, Hester tells Dimmesdale that Chillingworth is her ex-husband, that he is not treating her but that he is actually taking revenge on her. This made Dimmesdale very angry, but after a while Dimmesdale calmed down a bit, then advised, decided to leave the city. When they decided to leave, Hester felt very good, feeling free. With joy she tore off the letter hanging around her neck which floated to a corner of the fountain. According to the plan, Dimmesdale will buy three tickets for the ship that will arrive a few days later for the three of them. When she called Pearl, she came a little closer but did not come forward. She asked her what had happened, Pearl pointed to her mother's chest. When he called again, Pearl asked, "Where is her red letter?" Mother then picked it up again from the edge of the fountain. Pearl was very happy.

Dimmesdale was a little worried, he said openly to Hibbins, then she asked, would you go to the forest to meet black people then, Dimmesdale did not answer. Then came the day of the swearing in of the governor, which they celebrated with various kinds of rejoicing. There was a lot of joy in the city that day. Hester and Dimmesdale are also very happy because they will leave this city. Go to another city and live happily in peace. Everyone on the show that day looked at Hester in amazement because he had the letter on his neck.

At one point Hester sees Chilllingworth, and he tells someone else that he will leave by the ship that is coming in a few days. Hester was furious. She was very stressed, on such a happy day; she did not like to hear such a bad news. At the end of the procession, Dimmesdale gave an election speech. Everyone praised him after hearing the speech. Then he went to the altar of judgment. As he was leaving he was falling, but with the help of Hester he got up and leaned on her shoulder and went there. He then told the assembled crowd that Hester had been sentenced 7 years before today. He has been carrying a stigma on his chest for so many years, I am a sinner like her. God knows that. Then he opened his chest and showed that there is also this letter. He was slowly dying, calling to Pearl, asking her to give him a kiss on the forehead. She kissed her father's forehead. Then he died.

Chilllingworth also died a year after Dimmesdale's death. Hester left the town and many years later he returned, but did not bring Pearl. And when Chilllingworth dies, Pearl owns all his property. Meanwhile, she was happily married to another rich man's son. Hester died after a long stay in the city. She was buried next to Dimmesdale. A red A letter is hung between the graves of the two.

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